Dog Parks

Are Off-Leash Dog Parks Safe?  Most of the times no.  Dog parks have pros and cons but the negatives far outweigh the positives. Most dog parks are dangerous for your dog’s health. Here are some reasons why.  Learn what to be cautious of and why you shouldn’t bring your dog to an off-leash dog park.

(Updated 2020)

Here are all of the dog park training equipment and products that we recommend

If you go to a dog park, here are some etiquette guidelines for pet parents and their dogs.

Dog behavior is too broad a topic to cover in this post. So instead, I will focus on typical dog behaviors that you and your pet will likely encounter in a dog park.

Dog’s Wearing Punitive Equipment

Equipment that is designed to inflict pain and discomfort such as choke chains, pronged collars, and vibration/shock collars should never be used because they cause extreme emotional, medical, and psychological damage to a dog, amongst many other things.

These are just some of the reasons a certified dog behaviorist would never recommend using them. Just as we don’t use corporal punishment to “teach” children in schools. To learn why, and what to use instead, please read my shock collar article.

You will likely encounter, dogs wearing punitive equipment in the dog park. Besides the aforementioned detrimental health issues, aversive dog “training” equipment and techniques cause dogs to shut down, become unpredictable and confused and therefore unstable. You do not want to expose your dog or yourself to a dog like that.

If you encounter a dog wearing a black box around their neck or attached to their collar or a parent holding a remote control or wearing one around their neck that looks like a walkie talkie, this is most likely a shock collar. This confused parent needs dog training help.

Instead focus on interacting with knowledgable pet parents who have taken the time, effort and care to research the correct way to train a dog and understand learning theory. Set up individual play dates with one-on-one play sessions with friendly dogs and knowledgable parents.

Inappropriate Dog Behavior

While in the dog park, how often do you watch your pup playing and having a great time when the chronic dog humper comes along and starts hip-thrusting your dog? It may be funny for a brief second, but the reality is that if your dog is sitting down or walking away, they do not wish to engage in the humping behavior and this is not a welcome, or mutually agreed upon relationship.

If one dog is forcing themselves upon other dogs in the park, it is the responsibility of the pet parent whose dog is the humper, to either put their dog on a leash and/or walk them out of the park.

It’s not OK for a parent to allow their dog to disruptive, annoy or offend any of the other dogs in the park. It’s “natural” is not an excuse or intelligent.

Dog Resource Guarding

Resources guarding, bullying, dog aggression, or marauding dogs that steal other dog’s toys are not acceptable activities in any social setting. Dogs may resource guard a mate, pet parent, or an area of the dog park.

No one likes a thief or a bully so have your pup learn some dog training and obedience manners before entering a public dog park. Remember, a dog park is meant more for socialization and civility like a coffee shop rather than a rowdy gymnasium.

Lack Of Proper Exercise And Dog Training

While many people use the off-leash dog parks as an excuse to not walk their dog or provide them with the necessary enrichment, adequate exercise and/or dog training necessary to maintain a happy, healthy and fulfilled dog. It is not OK to take an overly hyper-active dog into the park to go “crazy” and out of control.

Even though dogs are not pack animals, a hyperactive, out of control dog, bring unbalanced energy into the park, negatively affects the entire stability of the dog park and creates an unstable and dangerous environment.

Think of the dog park as a coffee shop or a restaurant where dogs gather for fun and socialization and not as a race track or gym where they get their frustrations out. You should only be taking your dog to the park after they get a nice long training dog walk, exercise and some formal dog obedience training so that your dog can meet other dogs, socialize and play in a calm, civilized manner that is healthy and safe for all the pets in the dog park.

Most dogs and parents should be practicing relaxation and deference protocols. A dog park or dog daycare free-for-all does just the opposite. It overstimulates most dogs, puts them in an unhealthy state of arousal, and promotes poor behavior and ignoring the parent. All things we don’t want our dog to practice doing.

Pet Parent Awareness

How many times have you been in a dog park or a dog beach, and you glance around and pet parents are engaged in a conversation completely ignoring their dog’s whereabouts, or they are reading a book utterly oblivious to what is going on?

Perhaps they are on their phone engaging in a riveting texting “conversation” or are jibber jabbing on the telephone ignoring their pup humping another dog or pooping in the corner?

Even worse, maybe they stroll into the park without exercising their dog beforehand or casually leave the dog park gate door open after they absent-mindedly stroll in allowing other dogs to escape out of the gate.

All of these irresponsible, careless acts can be prevented and shouldn’t happen, but they do.  What can you do to make sure you are not one of those people?  Be proactive, and treat your dog like family and practice dog training throughout your dog’s life, and also engage, and communicate with your dog. Or simply do not go to the dog park.

If you do decide to go to the dog park, do not ignore your dog, let them cause trouble or make everyone else’s experience horrid.  Your responsibilities do not end as a parent and a citizen once you enter the park, that is when a parent must be more vigilant.

types of dog supervision

Mighty Dog Graphics


Out Of Control Ill-Mannered Dogs That Bum Rush And Mug Other Dogs

No one likes a bully. Dogs are dyadic and play best in twos. Inappropriate growling or bullying is not permitted in dog parks or dog beaches. The entire balance and ambiance of the park are offset if there is a dogfight, bullying, unaltered or an aggressive dog in the park.

If your dog is not dog and people friendly, by no means should they be in a park or anywhere with other dogs off-leash or people around. You should immediately seek professional help from a Certified Dog Behavior Consultant, (CDBC) and Certified Professional Dog Trainer (CPDT) to help you and your dog before exposing him to a dog park and the potential dangers inherent within. Do not risk your dog biting someone, a lawsuit and/or causing the entire balance of the dog park to be disturbed.

No one’s life or health should be at risk in the dog park, and it is your responsibility to keep it that way.

Dog Gangs

If you see your dog forming a group (more than two) or hanging out with a group of other dogs that are chasing after and bothering/picking on/ganging up on every dog that enters the dog park, stop your dog immediately. Ganging up on others is unfriendly, inappropriate and should be stopped as soon as it occurs.

Don’t allow your dog to be a bully. Some dogs naturally form groups and small social gatherings in the park and bully other dogs and cause trouble when they are together.

If a parent is not vigilant in watching their dog, then bullying could occur and go unnoticed. The last thing you want to happen is for a dogfight to breakout and your beloved pet, you or someone else to get injured. Furthermore, it is just plain rude and unacceptable to allow your dog to bum rush other dogs or gang-up and pick on another dog.

Unaltered Male And Female Dogs

There are pros and cons for unaltered dogs. But when it comes to dog parks, dog boarding, kennels or dog daycare, unneutered males and unspayed females throw off the chemistry of a dog group.

Also, unaltered dogs in off-leash dog parks may perform marking behavior, humping/mounting, or cause havoc to other dogs socializing and playing via their emitted sexual hormones.

If your dog is marking every bench, chair, tree, shrub, and blade of grass, it may be time to get your dog neutered and to speak to a certified behaviorist. Marking is not a polite behavior; it is a territorial, controlling, unfriendly and potentially dog dominating display.

Your dog is communicating to all the other dogs, in an impolite way, by marking their scent and advertising that they are unaltered and ready for action, taking over, and that it is their territory.

Again, this disturbs the equilibrium and balance of a dog park. Often this triggers dogs of both genders to act more aggressively towards your unaltered dog and may cause many hormonal changes within the dog park.

If your dog is unaltered, or can’t stop marking, remove them from the off-leash dog park and put them on a leash where you have some control over their behavior and out of harm’s way. Not only is it inappropriate and irresponsible to bring an unaltered dog into a dog park, but depending on your dog’s breed, Golden Retriever’s spay and neutering may reduce or extend your dog’s life by almost two years! If your dog breed is not negatively affected by spay and neutering, consider getting your dog spayed/neutered. Shelters kill millions of adoptable dogs and cats each year, do we really need any more breeders?

Medical Health Dangers Of Dog Parks

There are innumerable medical health issues for dogs in a dog park. From bordetella to parvovirus, bacteria, skin issues and giardia. Here are some other health issues that a dog may experience when going to a dog park.

Lawn Chemicals Kill Dogs

A dog sweats through their paws and absorbs what they step on. If you want to keep your dog’s paws safe and clean, there’s not much else you can do but don’t bring your dog to the dog park.

Additionally, I would call my mayor, commissioners, and parks department and demand that they ban lawn chemicals from being used in our public parks.  Lawn chemicals have long been linked to cancer in dogs.

Pica and Coprophagia

Off-leash dogs, can and will eat whatever is interesting to them. It may be coprophagia (eating of dog feces) pica, (eating of any inedible non-nutritious object), or eating anything dangerous and unhealthy.

Dogs explore the world through their mouths and much of the park’s substrate and organic material is filled with bacteria, pathogens, and chemicals that could injure or kill your dog.

Dog Poop Removal

Entering a park does not give you a license to let your dog poop everywhere without cleaning it up. Cleaning up after your dog is the law and healthy for everyone. If a dog poops in the park or anywhere, it is the responsibility of pet parents to clean up after their dog, and in most municipalities, it is the law and illegal not to clean up after your dog.

Not being prepared or not having poop bags happens but it is not an excuse. If you run out of dog bags, improvise, or come back and pick it up after you can retrieve a bag to dispose of your dog’s waste.

Always bring multiple poop bags. A good rule of thumb I use is to bring double the amount of poop bags I think I might need. So if I see another parent without a bag, I can be a good neighbor and offer them one of mine. Having extra poop bags also helps in a pinch if it starts raining out to store your phone or electronic keys or to MacGyver a water bowl for your dog.

If you happen to miss exactly where your dog did their business and cannot find where your dog pooped, pay it forward and pick up someone else’s dog poop or some other garbage along the way. Good karma, Yayy!

Pro Tip: A dog should always be in close enough proximity so you can see them. Remember, you and your dog won’t want to step in another dogs’ poop, and your neighbors don’t want to step in your dog’s poop either.

It is also dangerous to your dog’s health for them to step in other dogs’ poop and get excrement on their paws and/or on their fur. Disease is spread this way, and this contaminates our water supply and compromises the entire ecosystem and community’s health! Also, be careful about touching dirt and then touching your face as this seemingly benign act can make you sick.

Dog pooping in park

It is damaging to our water supply and toxic for our families and us when poop and parasites runoff into our water supply.  According to the EPA:

Pets, particularly dogs, are significant contributors to source water contamination. Probably the greatest health concern associated with animal wastes is pathogens. Many pathogens found in animal waste can infect humans if ingested. Organisms such as Cryptosporidium, Giardia lamblia, and Salmonella can induce symptoms ranging from skin sores to chest pain. E. coli, which causes diarrhea and abdominal gas, has been the source of disease outbreaks in several States. Particularly virulent strains of E. coli can cause serious illness and fatalities. Cryptosporidium is of particular concern because it is highly resistant to disinfection with chlorine. This protozoan causes gastrointestinal illness lasting two to ten days in healthy individuals but can be fatal in people with weakened immune systems. Dog and cat droppings often contain roundworms and other parasitic nematodes. Infection by just a few roundworms usually causes no problems, but more severe infections may cause fevers, bronchitis, asthma, or vision problems. Cat feces may contain toxoplasmosis, a parasite that infects humans and other animals. Cats are the only animals known to excrete toxoplasmosis oocysts, which are resistant to most disinfectants. Toxoplasmosis is a serious health concern for pregnant women and immuno-compromised individuals.

The easiest way to prevent these health hazards is to clean up after your dog and to use biodegradable poop bags. How many bags go into the garbage mindlessly every day? All of that plastic ends up in another garbage bag, in some landfill and in our earth and someone’s backyard. Help the earth, improve your experiences, your health and your family by being friendly to the planet and our natural resources.

Only buy biodegradable products from responsible companies products that do not make one-use plastics or produce products that are dangerous to any animal or the earth. Start by being a responsible pet parent and citizen.

Keep Children And Adolescents Out Of The Dog Park

A toddler, child or adolescent should never be allowed to enter a dog park.

Younger people do not know how to behave, speak or handle themselves around dogs and most of the time will be the reason a dog bites. Children and young people need to be taught and to practice how to interact with dogs. An uncontrolled off-leash dog park with unknown dogs and people is the absolute worst place to practice this.

Instead, practice in a calm, controlled, supervised environment with a well trained, friendly dog while being taught by a certified professional dog trainer.

A parent can not possibly be present and focused on their dog, – that they need to be doing – if they must be focused on their child at the same time.

Mixing a child with unknown off-leash dogs is a recipe for a disaster. Don’t do it!

No Supervision From A Dog Behavior Professional 

What good is a dog park with residents destroying the atmosphere and disobeying the laws. With no enforcement to adhere to rules and regulations and to detect and remove dogs and pet parents with inappropriate, disruptive behavior, all of these other suggestions are moot. Just as a lifeguard maintains the safety of the swimmers and beachgoers so does an expert behaviorist maintain a dog park.

A fear-free behavior professional with proper independent certification such as a Certified Professional Dog Trainer earned from the Certification Council for Professional Dog Trainers (CCPDT), and a Certified Dog Behavior Consultant (CDBC) earned from the International Association of Animal Behavior Consultants (IAABC) would be a huge bonus to have around to answer all questions relating to dog behavior and to be a dog lifeguard of sorts.

Here are all of the dog park training equipment and products that we recommend

The central theme of a dog park and dog beach is parent responsibility. Responsibility is the hallmark of the Canine Good Citizen (CGC) test and others like it and should be required for any pet parent entering a dog park. If you are not a responsible dog parent, you should re-home your dog to a responsible dog parent. Being a pet parent is not a right but a great privilege.



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